Palma de Mallorca is a Spanish city and municipality, capital of the island of Mallorca and of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. It is also the seat of the judicial party number three of the province and of the diocese of Mallorca. It is located in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea and, within the island, towards the southwest. It is located about 250 km east of the Iberian peninsula. Its municipal term occupies an extension of 208.63 km² that extend between the Sierra de Na Burguesa and the Prado de Sant Jordi. The city is located in the center of the bay of Palma, about 13 meters above sea level. Several streams, like the Riera or Gros, cross it. With 416,065 inhabitants (official data as of January 1, 2019), Palma is the eighth largest city in Spain by population and the first of the Balearic Islands. In addition, its metropolitan area encompasses nine localities that reach 560,240 inhabitants spread over an area of 1,015.88 km², being the 14th in Spain. It was founded with the name of Palma by the Roman consul Fifth Cecilio Metelo Baleárico in 123 a. C. It is estimated that its current settlement possibly corresponds to the Roman ruins that are under its historic center, although there is still no irrefutable evidence.10 11 After other conquests by the Vandals and by the Arabs in 903, it was finally conquered by King Jaime I of Aragon on December 31, 1229, becoming the prosperous Ciutat de Mallorca capital of his own kingdom, which declined after joining the Crown of Aragon in 1279. In 1715 the Decrees of Nueva Planta, recovering the city from its Roman place name, Palma. Shortly thereafter, as early as the 20th century, it was the protagonist of the explosion of an intense tourist boom that used it as a vacation destination during the 1960s and 1970s. Today it constitutes a notable economic and cultural center at the island and regional level.